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#1 13-09-2020 08:04:39

[A]crw
Administrateur
Registered: 09-11-2019
Posts: 25

Armaludis Free/libre software list

Here is a list of the main softwares I use for Armaludis activities, with a quick presentation for each one. They are all featured in the first video I'm making for Armaludis (to be published very soon).


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Operating System

Trisquel Mini GNU/Linux - https://www.trisquel.info (the name Trisquel is the spanish version of the famous symbol, triskel in breton).

100% free/libre system based on Ubuntu but without the drawbacks of the latter, Trisquel is an excellent OS. The "100% free/libre" here is not just a ready-made formula: Trisquel incorporates GNU Linux-free, the cleaned version of the Linux kernel, without any proprietary code or drivers unlike the latter. The hardcore free software user's dream... The Mini version of Trisquel is optimized to use less resources than its big sister, thanks in particular to the light and functional LXDE desktop environment. This operating system is fast, very stable, it includes by default very practical utilities and runs both old computers with little power and current configurations. The various versions of Trisquel are supported and approved by the Free Software Foundation (https://www.fsf.org) as a free and ethical operating system. On the internet connection side, Trisquel perfectly manages different protocols including the 3G mobile in modem mode via USB that I use (also successfully tested with 4G smartphone).


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Office automation

LibreOffice Writer - https://www.libreoffice.org

Lighter than LibreOffice Writer and present by default on Trisquel Mini, AbiWord has the essential features of an efficient word processor but... editing in AbiWord Armaludis documents previously created in LibreOffice, especially those containing tables, poses some layout problems (offsets, deleted borders...). Rather than having to reposition and/or redo these elements when editing in AbiWord, using the excellent LibreOffice Writer is the most practical and complete solution. In the case of Armaludis, I also avoid installing the whole LibreOffice suite - as long as it is not necessary - so as not to add hundreds of MB unnecessarily.

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Graphic design

GIMP - https://www.gimp.org

GIMP is the must-have free computer graphics software: creation, editing, image retouching, nothing is missing. It serves me as much as a drawing software (sketch, study drawing, finalization - ex: https://www.armaludis.org/en/index.php#troll-gimp) as a composition tool (graphic layout, retouching + photo editing). Its numerous modules and filters make it a complete tool, including in the field of animation thanks to GAP (GIMP Animation Package).

Inkscape - https://www.inkscape.org

The leading tool in free vector drawing! Illustration, design, graphics in general, image vectorization, page layout (with import of colorimetric profiles), the fields Inkscape covers are numerous and I can no longer do without it smile  All features for vector creation and editing are present: drawing freehand lines, drawing Bézier curves, drawing calligraphic lines, drawing geometric shapes, text editing, image import, manipulation of objects and paths, management of filling, gradients and contours ... Best of all, Inkscape is compatible with many formats including SVG, PDF, PS, EPS, AI, POV... just to name a few.


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Website development


Gedit - https://wiki.gnome.org/Apps/Gedit
GNU IceCat - https://www.gnu.org/software/gnuzilla

To develop websites (with PHP, HTML, CSS and SQL, incidentally without Javascript), I have never been seduced by WYSIWYG editors. Mainly because of the lack of mastery of the writing/layout of the code, not to mention the many extra tags added simply because one clicked in the input field... Another necessary simplification concerns the local development and then sending on remote server via FTP software, a cumbersome system that I never appreciated... And it's a good thing because GNU/Linux systems have been avoiding this for a long time with editors containing by default SSH or SFTP protocols. In this way, you can develop directly on a remote server which saves a lot of time. Simplicity and efficiency being the most important criteria for me, I turned to a suitable solution based on Gedit and GNU IceCat.

Gedit first of all, for the clear coding of all the necessary languages thanks to its well thought and very practical options (syntax highlighting, editing directly on server(s), line number, tabs and auto line feeds, multiple editing via tabs, autocompletion, highlighting of the corresponding parentheses and the current line, code extracts, character table... to name only a few). In short, Gedit is a very good advanced editor that I can't do without.

GNU IceCat then to view directly the pages in progress of dev. This browser, developed by the GNU Project and supported by the Free Software Foundation, is based on Firefox, of which it is a "cleaned" version, more respectful of private data (and which can be made even more "anonymized"). Like its parent, GNU IceCat has all the functions of a browser worthy of the name and includes many developer-oriented tools to facilitate certain tasks (code inspection, style editor, debugger...). This is my browser of choice.

With those softwares and a thrifty coding using the functionalities present by default in the technologies used (HTML, CSS, PHP, XML, RSS, etc, all without an external library or resource), I keep control of the code, its layout and the updates of the site take me less time than by going through a CMS... all while avoiding the inevitable security flaws of the latter.


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Audio

Audacity - https://www.audacityteam.org
LMMS - https://lmms.io/

Finding the complete and 100% free audio workstation allowing me to compose, arrange (among others via MIDI), record, edit and mix - incidentally keeping simplicity and efficiency as a guideline - was a slow process. Simplicity there was at first thanks to the ALSA audio environment that made Audacity and LMMS run perfectly. But here's the thing: you hear about "killer configs" with Ardour + JACK and you think, "why miss out on an almost all-in-one Digital Audio Workstation?"  In short, complete installation, configuration and numerous tests to find out that the dedicated recording sound card is no longer recognized and/or that the latency rate is too high and/or that the maneuvers are longer, less convenient and not always compatible with other processes in progress. In the end, a lot of time is spent to understand that the initial configuration does not have any of these disadvantages for the same audio resolution... and without high latency tongue

The only thing I found less convenient (but since solved) was the impossibility to have insert effects on Audacity audio tracks, which can be used as a multitrack. In fact, apart from a partial preview of the result, an effect is applied destructively on the track (muted copy of the original track mandatory...). Fortunately, LMMS has this insert possibility, with the same effects as Audacity, and as the 2 softwares work very well together, you adapt by switching from one to the other and the problem is no more.


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Vidéo

OpenShot - https://www.openshot.org

Video editor very easy to use, OpenShot is the software I use to edit Armaludis' first video. It supports many video and audio formats with most existing resolutions and has gateways to Blender and https://www.inkscape.org to create and integrate effects and titles, animated in 3D or static vector. It includes many features such as multiple tracks, drag and drop, resizing, pre-configured or customizable transitions and animations, addition of keyframes, slow motion, etc. Note that under GNU/Linux, the appImage version available on the OpenShot website allows you to use the latest version without having to install Blender if you don't need it (it is automatically added during the installation of OpenShot via the package manager).

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